Most people in Myanmar want constitution amendment: Poll

Published: November 11, 2013

Yangon, Nov 11 (IANS) Myanmar’s opposition party, led by Aung San Suu Kyi, held a regionwide constitutional public opinion poll in Yangon Sunday in the form of a mass rally, with 99.9 percent of the participants agreeing to the amendment of the existing 2008 Constitution.

The National League for Democracy (NLD) told the public gathering that it will submit the opinions to the parliament’s Constitutional Review Joint Committee by the end of December for further review, Xinhua reported.

The NLD itself also formed a constitution amendment committee, saying that constitution amendments are necessary as rule of law, internal peace and genuine democracy building are depending upon it.

The committee found out that the present constitution includes provisions which are not in line with democratic standards and which would harm the 2015 general elections from being free and fair.

The NLD has been collecting public opinions on the constitutional amendment region-wise and state-wise since mid-October, finding that the majority of the public prefer the amendment for re-drawing of the constitution.

The parliament’s Constitution Review Joint Committee started to invite advice and suggestions from a wide range of stakeholders in October for review or amendment of the 2008 State Constitution.

Assessment and advice were sought from the legislative, administrative and judicial pillars through the parliament and those from political parties, organisations and individuals through respective parliament representatives.

The 109-member Constitution Review Joint Committee, set up in July, has extended the deadline for submission of such advice and assessment to Dec 31 instead of Nov 15.

The 194-page 15-chapter Republic of the Union of Myanmar Constitution – 2008, drafted through the National Convention, was promulgated in May 2008 after a nationwide referendum was held.

Under that constitution, the country adopts an executive system of president as head of state who is produced through parliamentary election.

The president is also chief of national defence and security commission in which the commander-in-chief of the defence services is a member.

The country’s parliament comprises the House of Representatives (lower house )and House of Nationalities (upper house). The legislative power is shared by the parliament, region or state parliaments as well as self-administered zones or divisions.

Politically, it pursues a multi-party system, however, with the military participating in the leading role in the country’s so-called national politics.

The constitution reserved 25 percent of the parliamentary seats for directly-nominated parliament members from the military without needing to go through election.

The administrative posts of defence, security and border affairs are held by the military. The defence services chief represents the supreme commander of all armed forces and is legitimised to take over and exercise all state power in case a state of emergency arises.

Economically, it adopts a market-oriented economic system, allowing the private sector to participate in the economic undertakings of state, regional, cooperative and joint venture organisations for national economic development.

The constitution guarantees no nationalisation of private economic enterprises and demonetisation of legal bank notes.

In foreign relations, Myanmar practices an independent, active and non-aligned foreign policy and maintains friendly relations with foreign nations, upholding the principles of peaceful coexistence among nations. It does not allow foreign troops to be deployed in the country.

It stipulates that the constitution text cannot be amended without the consent of more than 75 percent of the parliament members and more than half of the number of eligible voters.

Under that constitution, a general election was held in November 2010, producing parliament representatives in a process to hand over power to a democratically elected civil government.

Myanmar has seen three constitutions with the first in 1947 drawn before it regained independence from the British colonialists.

The second was in 1974 when it was drawn to meet the then socialist system, allowing the existence of only a single political party, and the third was in 2008 when it was drafted to meet the transition of the military rule to civilian rule.

IANS 2013-11-11 17:54:03

[+]

Tags: , , , ,



Readers Comments (0)

Comments are closed.

Featured

Merv Bayda and Kal Dosanjh

Ask One Surrey’s Merv Bayda and Kal Dosanjh how they will fight crime in the city

  VANCOUVER DESI Crime is the number one issue in Surrey municipal elections. Vancouver Desi will chat with two cops — Merv Bayda and Kal…
Continue Reading »

WORLD WAR I

Surrey resident says the involvement of Sikh soldiers in WWI has not been taught in schools

KRISTI ALEXANDRA SURREY NOW SURREY — Coming up on the hundredth anniversary of the First World War this Remembrance Day, images of poppies, Canadian maple…
Continue Reading »

California-India-Sikh massacre

India’s 1984 Sikh massacre arises as issue in contested California congressional race

FENIT NIRAPPIL THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SACRAMENTO, Calif. – Anger around a 30-year-old religious clash in India that left thousands dead has crept into one of…
Continue Reading »

LOCAL NEWS

Nepal closes popular trekking route where 38 died in snowstorms after new climbers set out

By Binaj Gurubacharya THE ASSOCIATED PRESS KATMANDU, Nepal – Nepalese officials closed a section of a popular Himalayan trekking route Sunday after rescuers, overwhelmed with…
Continue Reading »

Today in History – Oct. 19

Advance THE CANADIAN PRESS Today in History for Oct. 19: On this date: In 1216, King John of England died after consuming what was described…
Continue Reading »

Merv Bayda and Kal Dosanjh

Ask One Surrey’s Merv Bayda and Kal Dosanjh how they will fight crime in the city

  VANCOUVER DESI Crime is the number one issue in Surrey municipal elections. Vancouver Desi will chat with two cops — Merv Bayda and Kal…
Continue Reading »

Don't Miss...

MINOR ATACKED

False confession leads police to arrest new suspect in sexual assault of 9-year-old Surrey girl

FRANK LUBA VANCOUVER DESI A man who confessed to the sexual assault of a nine-year-old girl in Surrey has been released and a 28-year-old man…
Continue Reading »

Dilwali Fest

Diwali Fest kicks off with IndiGlam fashion-fusion show (w/ video)

LARISSA CAHUTE VANCOUVER DESI It was a classic mother-daughter argument that propelled Surrey’s Raji Khaira into a career of fashion design. Khaira, 25, grew up…
Continue Reading »

Vancouver Desi

Canada Place caught the eye of man who builds models in chalk (w/gallery)

LARISSA CAHUTE VANCOUVER DESI When Jagdeep Singh Bihal moved to Vancouver from India two years ago and did some sightseeing around the city,  it was…
Continue Reading »

SURREY-VANCOUVER-MUMBAI

Diwali organizer inspired by memories of Mumbai revelry

LARISSA CAHUTE VANCOUVER DESI Vancouver’s Rohit Chokhani can still recall his childhood in Mumbai when Indian streets would light up with fireworks and life would…
Continue Reading »

SURREY-PIRATE RADIO

Surrey’s unlicensed Radio India to cease broadcasting in 120 days

PETER O’NEIL POSTMEDIA NEWS GATINEAU, Que. — One of B.C.’s “Pirate Radio” broadcasters boasted earlier this month of his powerful political connections, a vast public…
Continue Reading »


Bollywood Latest

Priyanka Chopra

Gallery: 20 Bollywood celebrities in their best and worst avatars

VANCOUVER DESI Every Bollywood star has come under fire for their style choices at  some point in their careers. Here we’ve taken a quick look…
Continue Reading »

reality TV

Himesh Reshammiya to record songs with reality show ‘India’s Raw Star’ contestants

IANS Mumbai – Composer Himesh Reshammiya, who made an appearance on the reality TV show “India’s Raw Star” as a guest mentor, was so moved…
Continue Reading »

BOLLYWOOD

Bollywood role came without any effort: Jennifer Winget

SUBHASH K. JHA IANS  Mumbai – Like many of her peers from television, Jennifer Winget is ready to move to the big screen. However, unlike…
Continue Reading »