Today in History – Dec. 28

Published: December 13, 2013

Advance

THE CANADIAN PRESS

Today in History for Dec. 28:

On this date:

In 1065, Westminster Abbey was founded by Edward the Confessor.

In 1694, Queen Mary II of England died after more than five years of joint rule with her husband, King William III.

In 1763, brewer-banker-steamship builder-politician John Molson was born in Spalding, England. He died in 1836.

In 1795, plans for building Toronto’s Yonge Street were first proposed. The 48-kilometre road, from York (now Toronto) north to Lake Simcoe, was one of the earliest highways in Canada and is still one of the most important roads in Ontario. It was named for Sir George Yonge, then secretary of state for war in the British government. The road was completed in April, 1796.

In 1832, John C. Calhoun became the first vice president of the United States to resign, stepping down over differences with President Andrew Jackson.

In 1841, street lights in Toronto were lit by gas for the first time.

In 1842, Calixa Lavallee, the composer of “O Canada,” was born in Vercheres, Lower Canada (now Quebec). The song, with words by Judge A.B. Routhier, was composed for a national convention of French Canadians held in Quebec City in June, 1880. With the exception of “O Canada,” Lavallee’s work remains largely unknown. He apparently gave little thought to preserving his compositions, more than half of which have been lost or destroyed. Nevertheless, Lavalle is considered one of Canada’s musical pioneers. He died in Boston in 1891.

In 1846, Iowa became the 29th state to be admitted to the Union.

In 1859, the first edition of “The Nor’Wester,” the first newspaper in the Red River district (now Manitoba), appeared.

In 1869, William Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, was granted the first patent for chewing gum.

In 1879, the Tay railway bridge in Scotland collapsed when the Edinburgh to Dundee train was crossing. The engine and carriages plunged into the icy river below, killing 90 people.

In 1895, the first public showing of a movie took place at the Hotel Scribe in Paris.

In 1905, Fanny “Bobbie” Rosenfeld was born in Russia. Rosenfeld was a star for Canada in numerous sports, but is best-known for her track and field accomplishments. At the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics, she won the silver medal in the 100 metres and was the lead runner for Canada’s gold medal-winning 400-metre relay team. Rosenfeld was elected to Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame in 1949, one year before she was voted Canada’s female athlete of the first half of the 20th century. She died in Toronto in 1969.

In 1908, up to 83,000 people died after Messina, Italy, was levelled by an earthquake. A tidal wave that followed caused more devastation.

In 1923, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, the French designer and builder of the famous tower, died in Paris. He was born in 1832 in Dijon.

In 1943, the 1st Canadian Division captured the Italian town of Ortona after a week of fierce fighting against German paratroopers during the Second World War. Canadian troops had attacked Ortona, a medieval seaport impregnable from three sides, from the south on Dec. 20. In the fighting, 1,372 Canadians were killed.

In 1944, Maurice Richard became the first player to score eight points in an NHL game. The Rocket had five goals and three assists in the Montreal Canadiens’ 9-1 romp over Detroit. Toronto’s Darryl Sittler broke Richard’s record with 10 points against Boston on Feb. 7, 1976.

In 1945, the U.S. Congress officially recognized the Pledge of Allegiance.

In 1947, Italy’s last ruling monarch, Victor Emmanuel III, died in exile in Egypt.

In 1970, Francis Simard and brothers Paul and Jacques Rose were arrested at a farmhouse near Montreal and charged with the kidnap-slaying of Quebec Labour Minister Pierre Laporte two months earlier.

In 1973, Alexander Solzhenitsyn published “The Gulag Archipelago,” an expose of the Soviet prison system that shocked the Soviet elite, helped destroy lingering support for the Soviet experiment in the West and inspired a generation of dissidents inside the Soviet Union. The publication led to his expulsion from the Soviet Union.

In 1974, an earthquake in northern Pakistan killed 5,200 people.

In 1981, Allan Dwan, Toronto-born director of “Heidi” and more than 400 motion pictures from the days of silent films to the 1960s, died at age 96.

In 1986, American mystery writer John D. MacDonald, author of 77 books, including 21 mystery novels featuring detective Travis McGee, died at age 70.

In 1986, Terence Michael Shortt, former chief artist of the Royal Ontario Museum’s ornithology department, considered to be the finest bird artist in Canada, died at age 75.

In 1992, Pudlo Pudlat, one of Canada’s best-known Inuit artists, died in Cape Dorset, Baffin Island, at the age of 76.

In 1995, Newfoundland premier Clyde Wells quit politics.

In 1997, a woman was killed and more than 100 people were injured when a United Airlines jumbo jet, en route to Honolulu from Tokyo, hit severe air turbulence over the Pacific Ocean.

In 1997, the Hong Kong government ordered the killing of 1.3 million chickens as well as ducks, geese and quail kept near them to prevent the spread of the bird flu that had killed four people.

In 2000, departmant store retailer Montgomery Ward filed for bankruptcy and announced it would close its 250 stores after 128 years.

In 2003, ultranationalists won the largest number of seats in Serbia’s parliamentary elections, including former Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic, who was on trial for war crimes at the World Court in The Hague.

In 2006, Somali troops backed by Ethiopian forces entered Mogadishu, ending six months of domination of the city by an Islamic movement.

In 2008, Minnesota Twins first baseman, Canadian Justin Morneau, was named The Canadian Press male athlete of the year. He hit .300, had 23 home runs and 129 RBI’s. With 97 runs scored, he was directly responsible for 27 per cent of his team’s 829 runs.

In 2009, Nick Rizzuto, the 42-year-old son of Canada’s most powerful mobster Vito Rizzuto, was gunned down in Montreal.

In 2009, Pittsburgh Penguins captain Sidney Crosby was named The Canadian Press male athlete of the year.

In 2010, the Minnesota Vikings defeated the Philadelphia Eagles 24-14 in the first Tuesday night game in the NFL since 1946. The game was orginally scheduled for Dec. 26 but was postponed due to a snowstorm.

In 2010, Canadian Leslie Nielsen’s classic comedy “Airplane” was among 25 “culturally significant” films to be preserved at the National Film Registry of the U.S. Library of Congress. Other films added: “Saturday Night Fever,” “The Exorcist,” “The Empire Strikes Back,” “The Pink Panther,” “All the President’s Men” and “Malcolm X.”

In 2011, figure skater Patrick Chan was named The Canadian Press male athlete of the year. His undefeated season was highlighted with his first world title where he set three world scoring records in one of the most dominant victories ever in men’s figure skating.

In 2011, North Korea’s power brokers publicly declared Kim Jong Un the supreme leader for the first time at a massive public memorial for his father Kim Jong Il, cementing the family’s hold on power for another generation.

In 2012, the Canadian women’s soccer team won The Canadian Press Team of the Year Award. It was honoured for its spectacular season, capturing a bronze medal at the London Games – the country’s first Olympic medal in a traditional team sport since 1936.

(The Canadian Press)

10:38ET 13-12-13

[+]

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,



Readers Comments (0)

Comments are closed.

Featured

Ottawa's Elgin Street courthouse.

Federal court judge upholds passport ban on Toronto-area man who changed name

MEGHAN HURLEY OTTAWA CITIZEN A federal court judge upheld a decision to ban a Toronto-area man who changed his name based on advice from an…
Continue Reading »

Red-Carpet-300x186

Accepting nominations: Surrey’s Darpan Magazine to hold Extraordinary Achievement Awards next month

TOM ZILLICH SURREY NOW The achievements of 10 local people will be celebrated at an invitation-only gala event next month. The fifth annual Extraordinary Achievement…
Continue Reading »

india

Indian minister refers to Dec. 16 fatal gang rape as “small incident” that hurt tourism

IANS New Delhi  – An Indian minister is embroiled in controversy after he referred to Delhi’s fatal Dec. 16 gang rape as a “small incident”…
Continue Reading »

LOCAL NEWS

Ottawa's Elgin Street courthouse.

Federal court judge upholds passport ban on Toronto-area man who changed name

MEGHAN HURLEY OTTAWA CITIZEN A federal court judge upheld a decision to ban a Toronto-area man who changed his name based on advice from an…
Continue Reading »

Red-Carpet-300x186

Accepting nominations: Surrey’s Darpan Magazine to hold Extraordinary Achievement Awards next month

TOM ZILLICH SURREY NOW The achievements of 10 local people will be celebrated at an invitation-only gala event next month. The fifth annual Extraordinary Achievement…
Continue Reading »

Abraham Azhakathu

Travel request from Alberta priest accused of sexual assault rejected

THE CANADIAN PRESS PEACE RIVER, Alta. — A Catholic priest in northwestern Alberta who is accused of sexually assaulting a minor has been told he…
Continue Reading »

Don't Miss...

teen music video

Vancouver teen’s music video gets over 300k views in less than a week

VANCOUVER DESI Vancouver teen and aspiring musician Sid Bhullar has released his third music video online  – and within one week he’s already surpassed 300,000…
Continue Reading »

Unruly passenger tied to his seat

Drunk Air India passenger tied to his seat on flight after attacking people onboard, tearing clothes of two pursers

VANCOUVER DESI An Air India passenger, who went wild after a few drinks and allegedly tore the clothes of two pursers and bit some fellow…
Continue Reading »

Const. Ian MacDonald says: ‘You don’t want to see anybody carted away in an ambulance over this, and that is a very real possibility. Ric Ernst/PNG

‘It’s pride getting in the way’: Feuding Indo-Canadian youth factions worry Abbotsford cops (w/ video)

JENNIFER SALTMAN  VANCOUVER DESI  No one really knows how the conflict started. According to a number of people who are involved, in February one person…
Continue Reading »

Stone-health-Kaleem

Eight-year-old Indian boy’s swollen hands are larger than his head

VANCOUVER DESI Kaleem, an eight-year-old Indian boy suffering from a mystery condition has puzzled doctors after his hands swelled to giant proportions and are larger…
Continue Reading »

India-surgery

Doctors remove unborn child’s skeleton from woman’s womb after 36 years

VANCOUVER DESI In an unusual surgery, doctors in India removed the skeleton of an unborn baby from its mother’s womb after 36 years, the Press…
Continue Reading »


Bollywood Latest

The ice bucket challenge has hit Bollywood. From L to R: Sonakshi Sinha, Abhishek Bachcan and Mandira Bedi. YouTube.

The ALS ice bucket challenge hits Bollywood (w/ video)

VANCOUVER DESI The ALS ice bucket challenge has officially hit Bollywood. Originating in the U.S., the icy cold feat has swept the globe, dominating news…
Continue Reading »

Indian comedy actor  Kapil Sharma and Sumona Chakravarti pose during a press conference to promote 'Comedy Nights with Kapil'. NARINDER NANU/AFP/Getty Images

Kapil Sharma onto new ventures, including Comedy Nights tour that will reach Canada

IANS Mumbai  – Popular stand-up comedian Kapil Sharma, who is set to make his Bollywood debut with director duo Abbas-Mustan’s untitled film, is looking forward…
Continue Reading »

Barfi! hit Japan theatres on Friday.

Award-winning film Barfi! hits theatres in Japan

IANS New Delhi — After garnering appreciation in countries like South Korea, Turkey, Taiwan, China and Hong Kong, Ranbir Kapoor’s Barfi! hit theatres in Japan…
Continue Reading »